We could name the jaguar or Panthera onca, as the key animal in this tropical biome. But again, the species that underpins this intricate terrestrial ecosystem is so tiny that passes us unnoticed.
In fact, are the leaf-cutter ants. There are two different genres, Atta and Acromyrmex.
This insects form large colonies of more than one million bloke. They create nests with a depth of 5m, an area of 100m2 and a duration of 50 years.
With the leaves, produce a paste which is fed to a fungus of the genus Leucocoprinus. This is the food of all members in the colony.
Despite its importance for the ecosystem, are a major pest in agricultural areas