Edward O. Wilson was born in Birminghan, Alabama in June 10th, 1929. He study his Ph.D. in the Harvard University, where he has been teaching for more than 40 years.
He is an American biologist, researcher, theorist and naturalist, specialized in myrmecology or the study of ants.
He won two-times of the Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction. His contributions were on different fields:
1- Epic of evolution: the worth of the epic in his words is “[t]he true evolutionary epic retold as poetry, is as intrinsically ennobling as any religious epic”.
2- Sociobiology: to explain the behavior of the social insects and then to understand the social behavior of other animal, including humans, thus established sociobiology as a new scientific field. The heredity is the key factor in animal and human behavior. Moreover, all animal behavior is ruled by epigenetic rules.
3- Social insects: the study of the ants.
4- Consilience: the discussion os the methods that have been used to unite sciences with the humanities. It is the synthesis of knowledge from different specialized fields of human endeavor. The human nature is a collection of epigenetic rules.
5- Microbial ecology: he studied the relationships between the 20th century with modern society studing the mass extinction, with an ecological approach.
6- Scientific humanism: Wilson coined the phrase “the only worldview compatible with science’s growing knowledge of the real world and the laws of nature”
Wilson also was the catalyst for the encyclopedia of life or EOL project. You can visit the web page: http://eol.org