Haiku

haiku2

A Haiku is a elegant type of Japanese poem. Since 9th century to the present day. Nevertheless, during the 9th to 12th centuries were called “Tanka”. It is conformed with a juxtaposition of two images or ideas and a cutting word or kireji, between them.

The first verse was called “Hokku” and set the mood of the entire poem. The word Haiku is derived from Hokku. These poems consist in three lines. The first and the last have 5 moras (a sound unit, similar to a syllable) and the middle line have 7.

Poets and poetess try to approach at physical world with a deeper vision until the very nature of existence. The poems were about the life, death, inner feelings, the change of the seasons and about the nature and the animals. As an example, we can find:

S. XVII

basho

Basho Matsuo:

An old silent pond…

A frog jumps into the pond,

splash! Silence again.

S. XVIII

busonYosa Buson: 

A summer river being crossed

how pleasing

with sandals in my hands!

chiyo-ni

 Kaga no Chiyo:

    Flock of a thousand birds,

    forces one goes missing

    and the wind picks up.

issaKobayashi Issa: 

O snail

Climb Mount Fuji,

But slowly, slowly!

         S. XIX – XX

soseki

Natsume Soseki

Over the wintry

forest, winds howl in  rage

with no leaves to blow.

tatsuko

Hoshino Tatsuko

White faces

  that are observing

the Rainbow.

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